Searching for data itemsUsing GPSMan in graphical modeLapsGroups


Groups are very useful in cataloguing the available data and in operating on sets of items. The possible operations are

As groups are also used by GPSMan to present the results of a search as described below, searching for items is an effective way of creating a group with items that are then operated upon from the group window.

Groups can also be created for the items that are or are not currently displayed on the map. This is done using the Make Group entry of the Items menu-button on the map window.

When getting laps from the receiver, runs will be stored as groups.

A group contains a certain number of data items and is represented internally as set of item names (together with their types). Operations on a group may fail or only partially succeed if one of its elements is not currently in the data-base. The names of elements in the group window have different colours depending on their being in the data-base. The colour of a name is only updated when clicking or double-clicking on it, and so it can be wrong.

The group window may have at a certain time more than one selected element. When this happens, a replace will act on the first selected element (from the top of the list), deleting will act on all selected elements. Inserting a new element will always put it after all the elements of the same type.

Groups can have other groups as elements but one group cannot be an element of itself even if indirectly (in technical terms: groups are well-founded sets).

This property can be explained as follows. Groups that are elements of a group G can be seen as its sons. These groups may have their own sons which are called the grand-sons of G and that, in turn, may have sons (the grand-grand-sons of G), and so on. All the sons, grand-sons, grand-grand-sons, and so on, of a group form the set of its descendants. A group is well-founded by not being its own descendant.

Some operations on a group will act not only on its elements but also on the elements of all its descendants. In this case the first step is to collect all these elements by a recursive inspection of the group descendants.

Clearing from the map an item that belongs to a group that has been displayed will not affect the display-state of the group. To be sure that all the elements of a group are actually displayed, the user should clear the group from the map and then display it again.

Deleting from or adding items to a group will not affect their display-state.

Forgetting a group will delete permanently the group from the data-base but not its elements. This operation is not prevented by the fact that any of its elements cannot be cleared from the map.

Forgetting a group and all its elements will delete permanently not only the group but also all its elements (recursively, i.e., including the elements of groups in the group). The group is deleted even if some of its elements cannot be cleared from the map and are therefore not deleted.

Saving a group (to a GPSMan file) will save all the information on the group and on its elements.

Creating an average waypoint from the waypoints in a group can be made from the group window. The coordinates of the new waypoint will be the averages of the latitudes, longitudes and altitudes of waypoints in the group and its descendants (recursively).

Changing the data of waypoints in a group can also be made from the group window in what concerns:

All the waypoints in the group and its descendants (recursively) will change to the (same) selected value. If one of the waypoints is being edited, the edit window will also be changed. In the case of the position format or the datum the position will revert to its initial value (when the edit window was created). In the case of the symbol, the change will be reflected on the map if necessary.

Clusters of waypoints can be created from a group by taking the waypoints in it (and its descendants, recursively) as centres of the clusters and searching the data-base for waypoints that fulfil a selected condition for each centre. The conditions that can be tested are: that the waypoint is within a given distance range of the centre, or that the waypoint belongs to the quadrangle of given latitude and longitude ranges whose middle-point is the centre. It is obvious that the first condition will be much slower to evaluate than the second, and therefore making clusters based on quadrangles should be preferred when the number of waypoints currently defined is large. Each cluster will be created as a group: its name is of the form Cluster n, and its remark has the name of the centre and either the quadrangle dimensions, or the distance range.

Input/output operations on the elements of a group allow for selecting which items of which types to read or write. In general the user will choose the groups and the item types for the operation. Then GPSMan collects in a list the names of the items of the given types that belong to the selected groups and that are currently in the data-base. This list of names is used to perform the I/O operation.

Selecting the "Group" type means that the search for items will be done in the groups that are elements of the selected groups, recursively. In more technical terms, the resulting list may be seen as a flattening of the group structure. In no case the list of names will contain names of groups.

Details of each specific operation are as follows:

Examples of using a group when putting are as follow. For transferring to the receiver the waypoints that belong to some groups, select the type waypoint and then select the relevant groups. This will result in an inspection of each selected group for gathering the waypoints in its list that are currently in the data-base. All these waypoints will be transferred.

In some cases it is useful to transfer not only the elements of the selected groups, but also the elements of any of their descendants. For this to take place select the type Group along with the type of items to be transferred.

GPSMan User Manual
Copyright 1998-2013 Miguel Filgueiras,

Creative Commons License
GPSMan User Manual and the GPSMan logo images by Miguel Filgueiras are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Get gpsman at Fast,
secure and Free Open Source software downloads

Searching for data itemsUsing GPSMan in graphical modeLapsGroups